Contraceptive Side Effects

What exactly is birth control and how is it related to acne or is it used to treat or improve skin condition? How does taking birth control pills affect the skin? Is It Really Effective To Improve Acne?


Contraception also called contraception is a method of preventing pregnancy or alleviating menstrual cramps. This includes various methods or procedures such as condoms, IUDs, birth control pills, rhythm method, vasectomy and tube ligation. Birth control depends on a number of factors, including health, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, and desire to have children in the future.

Contraception is one of the standard treatment options for patients with hormonal acne. It is also possible that contraception will make your acne worse before it even improves when you start taking birth control pills.


As we know, acne is a skin condition that is triggered by excessive oil or sebum production from our hormone glands. Together with our skin cells, our sebum clogs the pores and promotes bacterial growth, which then contributes to acne. Sebum production is caused by a group of male sex hormones (testosterone) or androgens that stimulate the skin to produce it.

There is clearly a relationship between our hormones and acne. Pregnant women tend to experience acne breakouts during their premenstrual cycle, which is caused by the shift in hormone levels. The amount of androgen hormones is reduced by taking birth control pills that contain both estrogen and progesterone, which leads to lower sebum production and less severe acne.

Birth control pills are not only used to prevent pregnancy. They can also help relieve painful cramps, treat conditions like endometriosis, and cleanse your skin.

Birth control pills treat acne from a hormonal point of view. To do this, they reduce the amount of androgens produced by our body, keep our sebum production low and reduce our risk of dealing with a clogged pore. These pills fall under the category of hormone therapy (i.e. any drug that acts on the hormones)

When it comes to acne, dermatologists use these birth control pills to treat acne in women. Only three pills have been approved by the FDA for the treatment of such skin conditions. Birth control pills are used to treat acne. This method has been suggested for healthy women who also need contraception.

These three FDA-approved birth control pills are:

  1. Ortho Tri-Cyclen – contains or uses estrogen in combination with progestogen known as Norgestimate
  2. Estrostep – uses estrogen and progestin, called norethindrone.
  3. YAZ – uses estrogen in combination with artificial progestin called drospirenone. (Note: The FDA concluded that birth control pills that contain drospirenone can increase the risk of blood clots compared to birth control pills that contain other gestagens.) Brands of these birth control pills are Beyaz, Gianvi, Loryna, Ocella, Safyral, Syeda , Yasmin and Zarah.

In addition, contraception is usually started when other topical acne treatments such as topical creams and antibiotics do not cleanse the skin.


Acne often occurs as a result of several factors that lead to a hormonal imbalance, which includes the overproduction of our natural oil (sebum) and the accumulation of dead skin cells in the hair follicle or in the pores.

Some or most women have abnormally high androgen levels (e.g. testosterone) that stimulate sebum production and increase the growth of skin and hair follicle cells. Acne can be minimized with the help of birth control pills.

Birth control pills offer a variety of benefits, and those who take these pills experience the following:

  • easier, regular periods
  • fewer menstrual cramps
  • reduced risk of cancer such as ovarian, uterine and colon cancer
  • improved acne.

The three FDA-approved birth control pills (Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Estrostep and YAZ) treat moderate acne in women who are at least 14 or 15 years old and have started their period and need contraception. These pills are prescribed by doctors to treat the full spectrum of acne from mild to severe.


Benefits of Birth control pills for acne (especially birth control pills in combination) include reduced acne breakouts, fewer pimples, less inflammation and less severe acne. as evidenced by several clinical studies.

The hormones in combined birth control pills are said to help reduce acne by reducing androgen circulation and sebum or oil production. The birth control pill should contain both estrogen and progestin to be effective in treating acne.

Most or many women who have severe cases of acne take birth control pills with other acne treatments.


While taking birth control pills can be beneficial for treating acne, there are risks or disadvantages to using this method.

Women who take birth control pills or contraceptives to treat acne are said to be at higher risk of side effects such as heart attack, stroke and dangerous blood clots in the legs or lungs.

It is recommended to consider or consider these possible effects when taking birth control pills for acne :

  • nausea
  • Vomiting
  • stomach cramps
  • Inflation
  • Weight gain / loss
  • Period change
  • headache
  • breast sensitivity
  • dizziness / fainting
  • Hypertension and other cardiovascular problems
  • Liver and gallbladder disease
  • Migraine headache
  • Depression and mood swings
  • blurred vision


Whether or not you should take birth control pills to treat acne depends on your medical history, as there are certain conditions that can worsen when you use an oral contraceptive.

In the treatment of acne, birth control pills or contraceptives should not be taken if one of the following illnesses is present: previous illness of the heart, high blood pressure, blood clot in legs or lungs, blood clotting disorder (e.g. factor V) ), History of cancer – breast, uterus or liver and liver disease, diabetes or migraine headache.

Birth control pills are generally seen as a common treatment option, especially in young women. However, it's best to consult a dermatologist or gynecologist first before you start taking birth control pills to treat acne and ask for recommendations, or even tell them about any previous medical issues you may have. Birth control pills are generally safe and affordable compared to other prescription medications used to treat acne.

Girl 19

I just turned 19, puberty is the most afraid of acne. Types of acne are scary. This blog is where I record the experiences gained from my acne treatment process and learn online

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