TYPES AND CAUSES OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
Dark spots on the skin due to sun damage? What is hyperpigmentation and why do most or some people have it? Are there ways to treat or remove hyperpigmentation ? Who is at risk of this skin disease?
WHAT IS HYPERPIGMENTATION?
Hyperpigmentation is usually defined as a harmless skin condition in which skin spots become darker than the normal surrounding skin. This skin condition usually occurs when the skin produces more melanin than it should and when people of all skin types as well as whole parts or areas of the body are affected by covering.
Hyperpigmentation occurs as a direct result of increased melanin synthesis, which is caused by the increased hormone levels in the human body.
TYPES OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
Hyperpigmentation occurs in various forms and includes diseases such as melasma, sun spots or light aging, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, age spots, also called liver spots or freckles.
This skin disease is "gray-brown" spots on the cheeks, upper lip and middle of the forehead, which are often caused by hormones. Melasma is common during pregnancy. It is a chronic skin condition that most often occurs in pregnant women and when taking birth control pills. Melasma often stops or disappears in some women after birth or discontinuation of pills. However, sometimes it can occur or show up in some women without a hormonal explanation. Melasma is also known as a chloasma spot.
This skin disease is also known as photoaging. Sunspot is one of the forms of hyperpigmentation that typically shows up later in life after prolonged exposure to the sun's UV rays. Sun spots or light aging look bigger than freckles and they are more like accumulations of dark spots on the skin.
HYPERPIGMENTATION AFTER INFLAMMATION
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or better known as PIH, is a scientific term for the annoying dark spots that appear after a pimple has disappeared or healed. It also occurs after skin injuries such as insect bites or scratches. Some form of irritation causes the melanocytes to activate and form more pigments, resulting in dark spots where the irritation has occurred.
Age or moles are common forms of hyperpigmentation that occur with sun damage. Dermatologists often refer to them as "sun lentigines" because they look like small, dark spots are usually found on the hands, face, or other areas that are often exposed to the sun.
These forms of hyperpigmentation are known as hereditary brown spots and are most common on the bridge of the nose and cheeks. They are common at all ages, but start in childhood.
WHAT CAUSES HYPERPIGMENTATION?
As already mentioned, hyperpigmentation is due to increased melanin synthesis, which is caused by the increased hormone levels in the human body.
In addition, hyperpigmentation also results from:
Also known as sun lentigines or sun exposure. Our body produces more melanin to protect our skin from prolonged exposure to the sun, and too much melanin can cause dark spots, or so-called age spots or sun spots, on our skin.
People with skin infections have experienced that their skin has darkened. Skin inflammation includes acne, eczema, lupus and skin injuries. Skin inflammation often leads to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
REACTIONS ON DRUG USE
Hyperpigmentation can also be caused by reactions to certain drugs, such as anti-malarial drugs and tricyclic antidepressants, which can make some skin areas gray. This skin condition can also be caused by certain chemicals in topical treatments.
OTHER MEDICAL CONDITIONS
Diseases such as Addison's disease and hemochromatosis are also certain causes of hyperpigmentation. Addison's disease is a condition caused by disorders of the adrenal glands that prevent normal secretion of corticosteroids, while hemochromatosis (19459008) (19459007) is an iron overload disorder in which a person has absorbed too much iron from eating Food and drinks. If left untreated, hemochromatosis can potentially damage various body organs.
CHANGES IN HORMONAL PLANES
Pregnant women often suffer from hyperpigmentation due to the hormonal changes that result from pregnancy and which affect melanin production.
Medications such as chemotherapy drugs are also said to influence the appearance of our skin. How? You change the color of your skin to yellow or brown, yes, even your fingernails and toenails. Chemotherapy drugs can also cause your skin to become dry, itchy, and irritated. Hyperpigmentation occurs 2 to 3 weeks after the start of chemotherapy and disappears when new skin cells replace the dead cells about 10 to 12 weeks after the end of treatment. However, chemotherapy (oral or intravenous) can cause permanent darkening of the skin.
Certain chemotherapy drugs associated with hyperpigmentation are melphalan (Alkeran), busulfan (Myleran), cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) etc.
A study conducted or conducted in the Scientific World Journal shows that insulin resistance has something to do with or is related to dermatological diseases such as hyperpigmentation or other skin diseases. Another fact is that insulin resistance plays an important role in skin homeostasis and physiology.
SKIN IRRITATION / TRAUMA
Hyperpigmentation occurs or often occurs after an injury or skin inflammation and can occur anywhere in the body. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or PIH is one of the most common consequences of inflammatory dermatosis which affects darker-skinned patients more frequently and more severely, and is also an acquired hypermelanosis that occurs after acquisition of inflammation or injury that can occur on all skin types.
THOSE WHO DEVELOP MOST OR HAVE HYPERPIGMENTATION
People who are often exposed to UV radiation for long periods without the use of sunscreens and people who have previously had skin infections are more likely to suffer from this type of dermatological disease.
Hyperpigmentation is viewed as a benign skin disease as well as a cosmetic problem rather than a medical problem that can be treated with sun protection or protection from the sun's UV rays.
Most people suffer from hyperpigmentation for one reason or another, and while this can severely affect their self-esteem, there is absolutely nothing to be ashamed of. And there are so many products and processes that help. You just have to find the one that works for you!